Job Description:The letterer provides the text and sound effects in a comic book. The key here is to add the text in such a manner that makes it easy for the reader to follow the story. There is certainly a lot of artistic creativity that goes into the process, having word balloons and sound effects look like what they sound like, but the letterer also needs to think about how the text will detract from the story and art if it is to bold, overpowering, or hard to read.
- Love Of Text – Okay, maybe not a love of text, but certainly a liking of how words are used and can convey meaning. Many letterers will try to make the words themselves look like what the person, creature, or effect sounds like. A BOOM will be large and bold while a whisper will be soft and airy.
- Strong Knowledge Of Grammar – The letterer is one of the last lines of defense for errors. And since a letterer needs to type in the work or do it by hand, not having a strong grasp of spelling, punctuation, and word use will inhibit your chances at success.
- Think Graphically – Letterers often take the role of a graphic designer, creating logos, titles, word balloons, sound effects, and more. Just creating the title in Comic Sans because it has the word comic in it is a way to get in serious hot water. You need to think about how those things will impact the page and story. Does it add to the experience? Take away from the art? Lead the reader to the next scene? These are the kinds of questions you need to think about when lettering.
- Technological Skills – If you plan on doing your lettering in the mainstream style, you will need to do it on a computer. Most comics nowadays are lettered on a computer. There are many programs that letterers use, such as Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Photoshop, and Adobe Indesign, to name the most popular. There are also font making software, such as Fontographer, FontLab Studio, or FontForge. You may also want to buy fonts from companies like Comic Book Fonts and Blambot.
- Superior Penmanship – If you plan on doing your lettering by hand, and some still do, you will need to develop a strong and consistent penmanship style. It needs to be easy to read and flow nicely. You might even consider turning your penmanship into a font in and of itself, which many do today.
Equipment Needed:Digital Lettering Equipment
- Computer – The industry standard is the Macintosh computer. You can use a PC, but most people work on Macs. The keys here is lots of RAM and processor speed. Don’t skimp on these.
- Software – Again, the industry standard is Adobe Illustrator, a vector based program which uses lines and curves based in mathematical equations to create images. This is the program used to put the letters onto the page. Other programs such as font creation programs are very useful to the digital letterer.
- Storage System – You need a way to save and transport files. If you are working for a larger company, you will deliver items via a FTP server. If you are printing it yourself, you will need some type of storage device to take it to the printer.
Hand Lettering Equipment
- Pencil – What you use is up to you, but many professionals use mechanical pencils.
- Eraser – If you make a mistake, you will need to erase it.
- Ames Guide and T-Square – A what guide? The Ames Guide will allow you, in conjunction with the T-Square, to create lines that will enable you to make your letters the same consistent height.
- Crow-Quill Pen and Ink – After the letters are created in pencil, you go over them in ink. The industry standard is the Crow-Quill pen.
- Stencils – You will need many different stencils to create word balloons, tails, and other different design items.
Some Comic Book Letterers:Todd Klein